ervical cancer is cancer that forms in tissues connecting the uterus and vagina, also known as the cervix. This cancer is usually slow growing and may not have symptoms but can be found with regular Pap tests. ervical cancer is almost always caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which is often transmitted through sexual activity. In 2015,
Human papillomavirus vaccines: what does the future hold for preventing cervical cancer in resource-poor settings through immunization programs? Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2005;32(10):635–640. Kane MA, Sherris J, Coursaget P, Aguado T, Cutts F. HPV vaccine use in the developing world. Oral Cancer Fact Sheet Introduction Oral cancer is cancer of the mouth or throat. This year, an estimated 41,380 people will be diagnosed with oral cancer and nearly 8,000 will die of the disease. Oral cancer is twice as common in men as in women. Not using tobacco and not drinking alcohol in excess can prevent most oral cancer.
Changes to Pap tests in Australia Firstly, here are a few handy facts: • The Pap test (also called the Pap smear test) is a simple test that checks for changes to the cells of the cervix that may lead to cervical cancer • The cervix is a part of the female reproductive system that connects the top of
HPV and cancer. For a small number of women (5 to 10 per cent) certain types of HPV can become persistent, resulting in changes in the cells in their cervix. Generally it is this persistent infection with high-risk HPVs that leads to cervical cancer. More research is needed to know if having HPV increases the risks of pregnancy problems. Having HPV is not considered a medical reason to avoid pregnancy. At this time, HPV has not been associated with any increased risk of birth defects. It is known that HPV can be passed to a newborn during pregnancy or through the birth canal. that targets HPV type 6, 11, 16 and 18 to be used for nationwide scale up immunisation against cancer of the cervix. Mode of transmission of HPV HPV is transmitted through sexual contact. Anyone who has any kind of sexual activity involving genital contact with a person infected with HPV is at risk of HPV infection. Risk factors for HPV infection